Biluochun also known as Pi Lo Chun is a kind of Chinese famous green tea and is one of the top 10 famous Chinese tea. It is originated in the Dongting Mountain located in Lake Tai in Suzhou City of Jiangsu Province, so it is also called Dongting Biluochun.
Biluochun with a history of more than 1,000 years, can be dated back to the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907). At that time, it is regarded as a tribute tea (called Gong Cha) that is used by the emperor and nobles.
1. Growth environment of Biluochun tea
Dongting Mountain, the birthplace of Biluochun tea, is a National 5A Scenic Area, where the ecological environment is superior, and the flowers and fruits are all over the mountain.
Dongting Mountain has a profound historical and cultural heritage, a large number of famous people, numerous historical sites, and rich underground natural mineral water resources. The main source of Dongting Mountain Mineral Water is located here.
The tea trees and various fruit trees are planted alternately in Dongting Mountain. They are connected by branches, roots, and veins. Tea trees absorb the flavor of fruit and the fragrance of flower, which cultivated the natural quality of Biluochun tea. Precisely because of this superior environment, Biluochun has high quality and is a famous green tea.
2. Features of Biluochun tea
- Color: shiny, green with yellow, covered a layer of silver fluffs.
- Shape: slender as a bee leg, curled.
- Aroma: fresh fragrance with fragrance of flowers and fruits.
- Taste: sweet, cool and mellow, with aftertaste.
According to the national standard, Biluochun tea can be divided into five grades according to the product quality, of which the first grade and the second grade are the most precious but more expensive. The better the quality of Biluochun, the more tender the raw materials.
Generally, picking the raw material of Biluochun is from March to April. Especially, the tea leaves picked before the Qingming Festival (around April 5th) are the best because they are more tender than that of late April.
High-quality Biluochun is made from 100% of buds which are generally 1.6cm-2.0cm long, the shape of them curled like the tongue of the sparrow, so it is called “Sparrow’s tongue”.
Producing 500g of high-quality Biluochun requires 68K-74K buds, and an amazing record is that there was 500g of Biluochun produced by using 90K buds in history.
3. Health benefits of Biluochun tea
Biluochun tea is one of the representative products of green tea. Some main benefits are as follows:
- The caffeine in tea can excite the central nervous system, helping people to invigorate the spirit, improve thinking, and eliminate fatigue.
- The tea theophylline in tea has a diuretic effect is used to treat edema.
- Biluochun tea has the effect of strengthening the heart and relieving spasm. It can relieve bronchial spasm and promote blood circulation.
- The vitamin C and tea theophylline in tea have the effect of promoting blood circulation and dispersing stasis to prevent arteriosclerosis.
- The tea polyphenols and tannic acid in the tea act on the bacteria and kill them, so it can be used to treat intestinal diseases, skin ulcers, and oral inflammation.
- A variety of compounds such as aromatic substances in tea can regulate fat metabolism to achieve the purpose of losing weight.
- Biluochun contains fluorine ion, which has a great affinity with the calcium of teeth, improving the anti-acid and anti-caries ability of teeth.
- Anti-aging and Anti-cancer.
4. How to make/brew Biluochun tea
- Tea set: glass cup or porcelain cup (also known as Gaiwan).
- The ratio of Biluochun tea leaves to water: 1:50. For example, 3g of tea leaves:150ml of water.
- The temperature of the water: 80℃-85℃ is best. Do not use too hot water to make high-quality Biluochun tea, or it will destroy the nutrients of Biluochun.
5. Precautions of drinking Biluochun tea
- Should not drink Biluochun tea on an empty stomach.
- Should not drink Biluochun tea with medicines at the same time.
- Pregnant women should not drink too much Biluochun tea.
6. How to identify high-quality Biluochun tea
The high-quality Biluochun tea leaves are covered with a layer of silver fluffs, looking like green covered by silver. This silver fluffs generated during the process of fermentation are a good symbol of high-quality Biluochun. The Brewed high-quality Biluochun tea smells very fragrant and the soup of it looks very clear.
The low-quality Biluochun tea leaves look even a little dark not bright green, covered with fewer silver fluffs. And after brewing it, the soup of it is a little turbid not clear and smells not very fragrant.