Biluochun also known as Pi Lo Chun is a kind of famous Chinese green tea and is one of the top 10 famous Chinese tea. It is originated in the Dongting Mountain in Suzhou City of Jiangsu Province, so it is also called Dongting Biluochun.
Biluochun with a history of more than 1,000 years, can be dated back to the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907). At that time, it is used as a tribute tea (Gong Cha) drunk by emperor and nobles.
1. The raw material of Biluochun tea
Dongting Mountain, the birthplace of Biluochun tea, is a National 5A Scenic Area, where the ecological environment is superior, and the flowers and fruits are all over the mountains. Precisely because of this superior growth environment, it can produce such a high-quality tea Biluochun.
Generally, picking the raw material of Biluochun from March to April, especially, the tea leaves picked before the Qingming Festival (around April 5th) are the best because they are more tender than that of after April.
High-quality Biluochun is made from 100% buds, which are much bright green and more tender. The buds are generally 1.6cm-2.0cm long, the shape curled like the tongue of the sparrow, so the finished Biluochun tea leaves are called “Sparrow’s tongue”.
Producing 500g of high-quality Biluochun requires 68K-74K buds. An amazing record is that there was 500g of Biluochun made from 90K buds in the history.
2. Health benefits of Biluochun tea
Biluochun tea is one of the representative products of green tea. Some main benefits are as follows:
- The caffeine in tea can excite the central nervous system, helping people to invigorate the spirit, improve thinking, and eliminate fatigue.
- The tea theophylline in tea has a diuretic effect is used to treat edema.
- Biluochun tea has the effect of strengthening the heart and relieving spasm. It can relieve bronchial spasm and promote blood circulation.
- The vitamin C and tea theophylline in tea have the effect of promoting blood circulation and dispersing stasis to prevent arteriosclerosis.
- The tea polyphenols and tannic acid in the tea act on the bacteria and kill them, so it can be used to treat intestinal diseases, skin ulcers, and oral inflammation.
- A variety of compounds such as aromatic substances in tea can regulate fat metabolism to achieve the purpose of losing weight.
Biluochun contains fluorine ion, which has a great affinity with the calcium of teeth, improving the anti-acid and anti-caries ability of teeth.
- Not only Biluochun tea but most green tea have anti-cancer effect.
3. How to make/brew Biluochun tea
- Tea set: glass cup or porcelain cup (also known as Gaiwan).
- The ratio of Biluochun tea leaves to water: 1:50. For example, 3g of tea leaves need 150ml of water.
- The temperature of the water: 80℃-85℃ is best. Do not use too hot water to make high-quality Biluochun tea, or it will destroy the nutrients of Biluochun.
- Brewing time: 1-2 minutes.
4. Precautions of drinking Biluochun tea
- Should not drink Biluochun tea on an empty stomach.
- Should not drink Biluochun tea immediately after meals. Some compounds in tea may affect the body’s digestion and absorption of protein and iron.
- Should not drink Biluochun tea with medicines at the same time.
- Pregnant women and children should not drink too much Biluochun tea.
5. How to identify high-quality Biluochun tea
The high-quality Biluochun tea leaves are covered with a layer of silver fluffs, looking like green covered by silver. These silver fluffs generated during the process of fermentation are a good symbol of high-quality Biluochun. Brewed high-quality Biluochun tea smells very fragrant and the tea soup looks very clear.
The low-quality Biluochun tea leaves look even a little dark not bright green, covered with fewer silver fluffs. After brewing it, the tea soup is a little turbid not clear and smells not very fragrant.