Huang Shan Mao Feng tea is a kind of Chinese green tea, produced in Huang Shan (Mount Huang or literally called Yellow Mountain) in Huang Shan City of Anhui Province. It is one of the top 10 famous Chinese teas.
Because the finished tea leaves are covered with white fluffs, with sharp shape and picked from the peak of Huang Shan, the tea is named Huang Shan Mao Feng.
Unlike other green teas of which the leaves are green, whereas that of Huang Shan Mao Feng is yellow-green or golden-green as well as the soup of it, because the tea tree of Huang Shan Mao Feng is a special variety, called “Huang Shan species”, which is native to Huang Shan City.
The Japanese Zen master Rongxi said, “Huang Shan tea is the elixir of health preservation and has the wonderful effect of prolonging life.”
1. History of Huang Shan Mao Feng
The teas produced in Huang Shan called Huang Shan tea. Huang Shan Mao Feng is one of Huang Shan teas and is the most famous tea of them.
According to some Chinese literature, Huang Shan tea originated in the Song Dynasty (AD 960-1279) and rose in the Ming Dynasty (AD 1368-1644).
In the Ming Dynasty, Huang Shan tea was not only greatly improved in production technology, but also increased in variety. At that time, Huang Shan tea had its features and reputation, which is the predecessor of Huang Shan Mao Feng.
Around 1875, in order to cater to the market demand, a tea merchant personally led some people to Huang Shan to pick tea leaves in spring. After carefully producing, he created a kind of high-quality tea with excellent flavor.
Due to the finished tea covered with a layer of white fluffs and the tip of the tea leaves like that of the mountain, he named it “Mao Feng”. “Mao” means “Hair” and “Feng” means “Mountain”. Later, it was named “Huang Shan Mao Feng” according to its place of origin.
After 1875, Huang Shan Mao Feng entered the Shanghai market and was welcomed by consumers. Immediately after that, Huang Shan Mao Feng began to be exported abroad.
2. Growth environment of Huang Shan Mao Feng
The tea trees of Huang Shan Mao Feng are growing in the Huang Shan and some villages around Huang Shan, which is a national 5A scenic spot and is one of the top 10 famous Chinese mountains.
Huang Shan is located in the subtropical monsoon climate zone, with deep mountains and valleys, heavy clouds, high humidity, and many precipitations, which forms a special monsoon climate in the mountains. There is no hot in summer and less severe cold in winter.
There are various and complex geological landforms, species, mineral deposits, and climate in this area. Mysterious phenomena and natural and human landscapes are concentrated in this area.
In such natural conditions, it is very suitable for the growth of tea trees, so the tea leaves are fat, juicy, and durable. In addition, Huang Shan is full of orchids.
At the time of tea picking, it is just the time when the flowers are blooming and the fragrance of flowers is pervading, which makes Huang Shan Mao Feng particularly fragrant and unique.
3. Characteristics of Huang Shan Mao Feng
Every year, in the spring, the local tea farmers pick the fresh buds from the “Huang Shan species” trees and process it carefully. The shape of the tea is slightly curled, like a bird’s tongue, green with yellow, white fluffs exposed, and with golden yellow fish-shaped leaves which commonly called gold chips.
Huang Shan Mao Feng is divided into six grades. High-quality Huang Shan Mao Feng is made from 100% of buds or one bud with one leaf, other Huang Shan Mao Feng made from one bud with two or three leaves.
Among them, “golden fish-shaped leaf” and “white fluffs exposed” are two obvious features of high-quality Huang Shan Mao Feng.
4. Health benefits of Huang Shan Mao Feng
Huang Shan Mao Feng is a kind of green tea, so it has all the health benefits of green tea:
- Refreshing and eliminating fatigue: caffeine in tea stimulates the central nervous system to refresh the brain.
- Diuretic effect: caffeine and theophylline in tea have diuretic effects and are used to treat edema and hygroma.
- Inhibitory effect of atherosclerosis: tea polyphenols and vitamin C in tea have the function of promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis to prevent arteriosclerosis, so the incidence of hypertension and coronary heart disease in tea drinkers is low.
- Antibacterial and bacteriostatic effects: tea polyphenols and tannic acid in tea act on bacteria, coagulate bacterial proteins and kill bacteria.
- Weight loss: caffeine, inositol, folic acid, pantothenic acid and aromatic substances in tea can regulate fat metabolism.
- Inhibitory effect of cancer cells: flavonoids in tea have anti-cancer effects in varying degrees, and vitexin, morin, and catechin have stronger effects.
- Delaying senility: polyphenols have strong antioxidant and physiological activities and are scavengers of human free radicals
5. How to identify high-quality Huang Shan Mao Feng
- Appearance: the shape of Huang Shan Mao Feng is thin and flat, slightly yellowish in green; the sharp buds are nestled in the leaves, like a bird’s tongue.
- Aroma: grasp a handful of dried high-quality Huang Shan Mao Feng close to the nose and smell it fresh and fragrant like orchid or chestnut.
- Color of soup: the soup of high-quality Huang Shan Mao Feng is clear and bright, light green or yellow-green.
- Taste: its taste is delicious and not bitter, with a sweet aftertaste.