Huang Shan Mao Feng tea is a kind of Chinese green tea, produced in Huang Shan (Mount Huang or literally called Yellow Mountain) in Huang Shan City, Anhui Province, and it is one of the top 10 famous Chinese teas.
Unlike other green teas of which the leaves are green, whereas that of Huang Shan Mao Feng is yellow-green or golden-green as well as the soup of it, because the tea tree of Huang Shan Mao Feng is a special variety, called “Huang Shan Variety”, which is native to Huang Shan City.
1. The history of Huang Shan Mao Feng tea
The teas produced in Huang Shan also called Huang Shan tea. Huang Shan Mao Feng tea is one of Huang Shan teas and is the most famous tea of them.
According to some Chinese literature, Huang Shan tea originated in the Song Dynasty (AD 960-1279) and rose in the Ming Dynasty (AD 1368-1644).
In the Ming Dynasty, Huang Shan tea was not only greatly improved in production technology, but also increased in variety. At that time, Huang Shan tea had its own feature and reputation, which means the Huang Shan Mao Feng tea was basically formed.
Around 1875, in order to cater to the market demand, a tea merchant personally led some people to Huang Shan to pick tea leaves in spring. After careful production, he created high-quality tea with excellent flavor.
Due to the finished tea covered with a layer of white fluff and the tip of the tea leaves like that of the mountain, the tea merchant named this kind of tea “Mao Feng”, “Mao” meaning “Hair” and “Feng” meaning “Mountain”. Later, it was named “Huang Shan Mao Feng” according to its place of origin.
After 1875, Huang Shan Mao Feng entered the Shanghai market and was welcomed by consumers. Immediately after that, Huang Shan Mao Feng began to be exported abroad.
2. The growth environment of Huang Shan Mao Feng
The tea trees of Huang Shan Mao Feng are growing in the Huang Shan and some villages around Huang Shan, which is a national 5A scenic spot and is one of the top 10 famous Chinese mountains.
Huang Shan is located in the subtropical monsoon climate zone, with deep mountains and valleys, heavy clouds, high humidity, and many precipitations, which forms a special monsoon climate in the mountains. There is no hot in summer and less severe cold in winter.
This superior environment is very suitable for growing tea tree. In addition, with orchids everywhere in Huang Shan, the time of picking tea is when the orchids are in full bloom and the fragrance of flowers is pervasive, which makes Huang Shan Mao Feng tea particularly fragrant and unique in flavor.
3. The health benefit of Huang Shan Mao Feng tea
Huang Shan Mao Feng tea is a kind of green tea, so it has all the health benefits of green tea
- Refreshing and eliminating fatigue: caffeine in tea stimulates the central nervous system to refresh the brain.
- Diuretic effect: caffeine and theophylline in tea have diuretic effects and are used to treat edema and hygroma.
- Inhibitory effect of atherosclerosis: tea polyphenols and vitamin C in tea have the function of promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis to prevent arteriosclerosis, so the incidence of hypertension and coronary heart disease in tea drinkers is low.
- Antibacterial and bacteriostatic effects: tea polyphenols and tannic acid in tea act on bacteria, coagulate bacterial proteins and kill bacteria.
- Weight loss: caffeine, inositol, folic acid, pantothenic acid and aromatic substances in tea can regulate fat metabolism.
- Inhibitory effect of cancer cells: flavonoids in tea have anti-cancer effects in varying degrees, and vitexin, morin, and catechin have stronger effects.
- Delaying senility: polyphenols have strong antioxidant and physiological activities and are scavengers of human free radicals.
4. How to make/brew Huang Shan Mao Feng tea
- Tea set: glass cup is the best, then the porcelain cup.
- The ratio of tea leaves to water: 1:50. 3g of Huang Shan Mao Feng need 150ml of water.
- The temperature of the water: 80℃-85℃. High-quality green tea can’t suffer too high temperature, otherwise the nutrients in the tea will be destroyed.
- Brewing time: 2-3 minutes. And Huang Shan Mao Feng tea leaves can be brewed 3-4 times.