All Health Benefits of Chinese Tea

Chinese tea is honored with the title of “Nation Drink” in China. A large number of modern scientific studies have confirmed that tea does contain some biochemical components closely related to human health.

The main components with pharmacological effects are as follows:

Tea Polyphenol

The tea polyphenol is the most abundant soluble components in tea and is an important substance for tea to exert its health care function.

It has a lot of effects, such as anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation, anti-bacterial, reducing the incidents of cardiovascular disease, preventing cancer, preventing blood lipids, changing the ecology of intestinal flora and so on.

Tea Pigment

The tea pigment is a kind of water-soluble phenolic pigment rich in the tea. It mainly includes theaflavin, thearubigins, theabrownin, etc. They have good effects on anti-cancer, anti-aging, and cosmetics.

Tea Polysaccharide

The tea polysaccharide is an acidic glycoprotein combined with a larger number of mineral elements, of which the protein is mainly composed of about 20 common amino acids.

Theanine

The theanine is a unique free amino acid in tea. Theanine can improve brain function, enhance memory and learning ability. It has a preventive effect on Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.

Methoxatin

The methoxatin was first discovered around 1970, and subsequent studies have shown that it has anti-oxidation and neuroprotective effects, so it is often used in health products and cosmetics.

Y-Aminobutyric Acid

The main effect of Y-Aminobutyric acid is reducing blood pressure and improving blood circulation.

Vitamins and mineral elements

Tea includes vitamin C, vitamin B, vitamin P, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K, etc. Among them, the content of vitamin C is the most. Tea is also rich in B vitamins such as vitamin B2. Lack of B2 can cause metabolic disorders and oral diseases.

Tea contains many minerals such as potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, manganese, fluorine and phosphorus. Some teas are rich in selenium, which has anti-cancer and anti-oxidation effects.

Proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids

The content of amino acids in tea is about 5% in green tea and 2%-4% in general tea. Amino acids play an important role in promoting human growth and enhancing hematopoietic function.

Although the content of carbohydrate in tea is up to 30%, most of them are water-insoluble polysaccharides, and only 4%-5% of them are water-soluble. Therefore, tea is considered as a low-calorie beverage, suitable for diabetics and other sugar abstainers.

The lipids content of tea is only 2%-3%. It is the energy and important component of the organism.

In addition, according to different producing technology and the variety of tea trees, some teas can produce their own unique chemical substances, which have many other health effects.

1. Benefits of green tea

Green tea is a kind of unfermented tea, which retains many natural substances of the fresh leaves, containing more tea polyphenols, catechins, chlorophyll, vitamins, and other nutrients.

These natural nutrients in green tea have special effects on anti-aging, anti-cancer, sterilization, anti-inflammation, etc.

EGCG (Epigallocatechin gallate) in green tea can play a part in the role of insulin. EGCG can significantly reduce blood sugar, which is helpful to treat diabetes.

Outstanding performance:

Other benefits:

  • Diuresis
  • Weight loss
  • Detoxification
  • Refreshing brain
  • Beautifying and skincare
  • Protecting teeth and eyesight
  • Inhibiting cardiovascular disease
  • Preventing and treating radiation damage
  • Etc.

Famous green tea: Biluochun, Longjing, Xinyang Maojian, etc.

2. Benefits of black tea

Black tea is a kind of half-fermented tea.

During the processing of black tea, many chemical reactions centered on the enzymatic oxidation of tea polyphenols occurred. The chemical compositions of fresh leaves change greatly.

The polyphenols decrease by more than 90%, and new ingredients such as theaflavins and thearubigins are produced. The fragrant substances increase significantly compared with fresh leaves.

Theaflavins, known as “soft gold” in tea, has a good function of lowering blood lipid and cholesterol and has no toxic side effects. Thearubigins is a powerful antioxidant, which can help the body resist biological oxidation.

Outstanding performance:

  • Anti-aging
  • Vasodilation
  • Nourishing stomach
  • Inhibiting cardiovascular disease
  • Lowering blood lipid and cholesterol

Other benefits:

  • Diuresis
  • Anti-cancer
  • Detoxification
  • Strengthening bones
  • Promoting appetite and digestion
  • Refreshing and eliminating fatigue
  • Anti-inflammation and sterilization
  • Reducing the incidence of myocardial infarction
  • Etc.

Famous black tea: Lapsang Souchong, Keemun tea, Dianhong tea, etc.

3. Benefits of oolong tea

Oolong tea also called Wulong tea is a kind of half-fermented tea.

Oolong tea contains more than 450 kinds of organic chemical components and more than 40 kinds of inorganic mineral elements. The organic and inorganic substances contain many nutritive and effective components.

Oolong tea has the effect of dissolving fat to lose weight. It is rich in tannic acid, which is closely related to the metabolism of fat.

Oolong tea can also accelerate the increase of body heat production to promote fat combustion and reduce fat accumulation.

In addition, oolong tea also has good effects on anti-cancer, anti-aging, lowering blood lipids and cholesterol.

Outstanding performance:

  • Anti-cancer
  • Anti-aging
  • Losing weight
  • Lowering blood lipid and cholesterol

Other benefits:

  • Diuresis
  • Detoxification
  • Improving hearing
  • Refreshing and eliminating fatigue
  • Anti-inflammation and sterilization
  • Promoting digestion and reducing the greasy sense
  • Etc.

Famous oolong tea: Tieguanyin, Da Hong Pao, Wuyi Rock tea, etc.

4. Benefits of white tea

White tea is a kind of slightly fermented tea. It is made in the most natural and the least processes way among these six types of Chinese tea.

The chemical composition of white tea is generally close to that of green tea. But white tea is rich in more active enzymes and has good pharmacodynamic properties.

White tea has good effects on anti-cancer, heatstroke, detoxification, and toothache. Especially, the aged white tea can be used as a fever-reducing drug and its effect is better than that of antibiotics. White tea is widely regarded as good medicine for measles in North China.

White tea is rich in tea polysaccharide, which can effectively lower blood sugar. It is also rich in flavonoids, which can protect the liver and accelerate liver detoxification.

Outstanding performance:

  • Anti-cancer
  • Detoxification
  • Protecting the liver
  • Promoting blood sugar balance
  • Anti-inflammation and sterilization

Other benefits:

  • Diuresis
  • Anti-aging
  • Improving eyesight
  • Radiation protection
  • Clearing away internal heat
  • Refreshing and eliminating fatigue
  • Etc.

Famous white tea: Bai Hao Yin Zhen, Bai Mudan, etc.

5. Benefits of yellow tea

Yellow tea is also a slightly fermented tea, but its degree of fermentation is a little more than white tea’s.

There is a process called “heaping for yellowing” in the production of yellow tea, which promotes the partial oxidation of tea polyphenols, chlorophyll, and other substances.

During the process of fermentation, yellow tea can produces some chemical substances that can promote the secretion of digestive enzymes and gastric juice in the human body. It has a good effect on the treatment of dyspepsia and anorexia

Yellow tea is rich in amino acids, soluble sugar, trace elements, vitamins and other rich nutrients, which has a significant effect on the prevention and treatment of esophageal cancer.

Outstanding performance:

  • Anti-cancer
  • Detoxification
  • Nourishing stomach
  • Promoting appetite and digestion

Other benefits:

  • Diuresis
  • Anti-aging
  • Weight loss
  • Clearing away internal heat
  • Anti-inflammation and sterilization
  • Refreshing and eliminating fatigue
  • Etc.

Famous yellow tea: Junshan Yinzhen, Huoshan Huangya, Mengding Huangya, etc.

6. Benefits of dark tea

Dark tea is a kind of post-fermented tea. The fermentation degree of dark tea is higher than that of black tea. A lot of new chemicals are produced. Some dark teas can produce a beneficial bacteria called Golden Flower Bacteria (Eurotium cristatum), which has good effects on anti-tumor and anti-aging.

Dark tea is a necessity of meat-eating people in northern China. It has good effects on regulating fat metabolism, promoting digestion, and nourishing stomach, etc.

In addition, dark tea also has a strong anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory effect.

Outstanding performance:

Other benefits:

  • Diuresis
  • Anti-aging
  • Weight loss
  • Detoxification
  • Lowering blood pressure
  • Lowering blood lipid and blood sugar
  • Etc.

Famous dark tea: Pu-erh tea, Liu Bao tea, Fu Brick tea, etc.

Conclusion

As you can see above, these six types of tea have many the same benefits. The outstanding benefits due to the producing technology that causes the tea leaves to generate different chemical components.