Chinese tea has a history of thousands of years. At present, there are at least several hundred kinds of tea, which can be classified into six categories.
Every few years, the relevant institutions of China will select the top 10 famous Chinese teas from these teas.
The reason why famous tea is famous depends on its unique style, which is mainly reflected in the color, aroma, taste, and shape of the tea. Some famous teas are often known for their one or two unique features.
1. Biluochun (Pi Lo Chun)
Biluochun also known as Pi Lo Chun is a kind of famous Chinese green tea, produced in Dongting Mountain in Suzhou City of Jiangsu Province.
Biluochun has a history of more than 1,000 years and was first appeared in the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD). It is made from 100% of buds, so it has very high quality.
2. Xinyang Maojian (The King of Green Tea)
Xinyang Maojian is a kind of Chinese green tea, produced in Xinyang City of Henan Province and it is a specialty of this province.
As early as the Tang Dynasty, the teas produced in Xinyang were send to the emperor as tribute tea (Gongcha). But at that time, there was no name for the teas.
Until 1913, the local tea farmers created higher tea named “Xinyang Maojian”.
Xinyang Maojian produced around Qingming Festival (around April 5) has the best quality.
3. Longjing (The Queen of Green Tea)
Longjing literally called Dragon Well is a kind of Chinese green tea, produced in Longjing Village around the West Lake (Xihu) in Hangzhou City of Zhejiang Province, so it is also called Xihu Longjing.
Longjing tea has a history of more than 1,000 years. In the past thousand years, Longjing tea has evolved and developed continually, and it has become a famous Chinese tea in the early 19th century.
It has a popular title “The Queen of Green Tea” due to its high quality and health benefits.
4. Junshan Yinzhen (Junshan Silver Needle)
Junshan Yinzhen is literally called Junshan Silver Needle, Yin meaning “Silver” and Zhen meaning “Needle”. It is a kind of Chinese yellow tea, produced in Junshan Island in Dongting Lake of Hunan Province.
Junshan Yinzhen is a kind of Huang Ya Cha made from 100% of tender buds and it is the best quality Chinese yellow tea.
5. Huang Shan Mao Feng
Huang Shan Mao Feng is a kind of Chinese green tea, produced in Huang Shan (Mount Huang or literally called Yellow Mountain) in Huang Shan City of Anhui Province. It is originated in the Song Dynasty (AD 960-1279).
Unlike other green teas, the color of Huang Shan Mao Feng is yellow-green or golden-green which is similar to yellow tea. It has this unique style due to its growth environment.
6. Wuyi Rock Tea (Yancha)
Wuyi Rock tea is a famous Chinese oolong tea, produced in Wuyi Mountains in Fujian Province.
The tea trees are growing in the cracks of rocks, so it is called Rock tea. Wuyi Rock tea is a general name. The oolong tea produced in the Wuyi Mountains is called Wuyi Rock tea.
Wuyi Rock tea has a special aroma Yen flavor. The most famous Wuyi rock tea is Da Hong Pao tea.
7. Keemun Tea (The Queen of Black Tea)
Keemun tea also called Qimen black tea is a kind of Gongfu black tea, produced in Qimen County of Anhui Province.
Keemun tea has a history of more than 100 years. The Japanese called it “Rose” and the British businessman called it “Keemun”.
Keemun tea has a special fragrance called “Qimen Fragrance” which is similar to fruit or orchid.
8. Duyun Maojian
Duyun Maojian is a kind of Chinese green tea, produced in Duyun City of Guizhou Province.
Duyun Maojian is also called “Fishhook Tea” or “Bird’s Tongue Tea” because the tea leaves of Duyun Maojian are curled like fishhook or bird’s tongue. The name “Duyun Maojian” is named by Chairman Mao in 1956.
9. Tieguanyin (Iron Goddess Tea)
Tieguanyin is also called Iron Goddess or Iron Guanyin. “Tie” means “Iron” and “Guanyin” means “Goddess of Mercy”.
Tieguanyin tea is a kind of Chinese oolong tea, produced in Anxi County of Fujian Province.
Tieguanyin tea has a unique flavor called “Guanyin Flavor (or Guanyin Yun)” which is similar to the orchid fragrance. It still has the long-lasting fragrance after seven times of brewing.
10. Liu An Gua Pian
Liu An Gua Pian is a famous traditional Chinese green tea, produced in Liu An City of Anhui Province.
Liu An Gua Pian is a tribute tea in the Qing Dynasty (1636-1912 AD). After the founding of New China, Liu An Gua Pian was often given to foreign envoys as a gift tea.
Famous green tea:
Biluochun (Pi Lo Chun)
Huang Shan Mao Feng
Liu An Gua Pian
Famous oolong tea:
Wuyi Rock Tea (Yancha)
Tieguanyin (Iron Goddess Tea)
Famous black tea:
Famous yellow tea:
Junshan Yinzhen (Junshan Silver Needle)