Hunan black tea also known as Hu Hong is a kind of Gongfu black tea, produced in Hunan Province, China. It is also called Xiang Hong. “Xiang” is a shortened form of Hunan Province. Hong means “red”, but here means “black”.
Hunan black tea is one of the Gongfu black tea with a long history and plays a very important role in the development of Gongfu tea in China.
It is worth mentioning that Hunan black tea is a kind of black tea, another kind of Hunan tea called Hunan dark tea. They are different teas. The Anhua dark tea belongs to Hunan dark tea.
1. History of Hunan black tea
Hunan Province is also one of the birthplaces of tea. However, the production of black tea in Hunan has only a history of more than 100 years. But it developed rapidly.
According to historical records, Hunan black tea was first produced in Anhua in 1858. Anhua is a county of Hunan and is rich in tea.
At that time, because the black tea produced in Anhua had very high quality and good taste, it was very popular in the market. Subsequently, when the tea merchants of Guangdong Province saw the business opportunities, they all came to Hunan with heavy money to make black tea.
Due to the good market of Anhua black tea, many places in Hunan Province began to produce black tea one after another. The output of Gongfu black tea in Hunan was increasing day by day.
By 1988, Hunan became one of the provinces with the high output of Gongfu black tea in China and Hunan black tea had been regarded as an outstanding representative of Chinese black tea.
2. Characteristics of Hunan black tea
The main production areas of Hunan black tea are Anhua, Xinhua, and Lianyuan, which are located in the central part of Hunan Province and in the mountain area.
There are four distinct seasons, a subtropical monsoon humid climate, and loose slightly acidic soil, which is suitable for the growth of tea trees.
Hunan black tea is represented by Anhua black tea. The shape of the dried Anhua black tea is fat; its color is brown with yellow or black. After brewing, its tea soup is amber and has a strong fragrance.
And some other Hunan black tea produced in Xinhua or other places is thin and tight. After brewing, its fragrance is not very strong.
There are nearly 50 varieties of black tea in Hunan, which enjoys an important position in China.
3. Health benefits of Hunan black tea
Hunan black tea is fermented tea. It produces many new substances in the fermentation process, such as theaflavin, thearubin and so on. Besides, Hunan black tea is rich in carotene, vitamins, protein, amino acids, trace elements, etc.
Drinking Hunan black tea has good effects on diuresis, anti-aging, anti-cancer, detoxification, anti-inflammation, nourishing stomach, promoting appetite and digestion, etc.