Huoshan Huangya also called Huoshan Yellow Bud is a traditional Chinese yellow tea, produced in Huoshan County, Anhui Province. It is a historical famous tea and a specialty in Huoshan County.
This historical tea once disappeared, and then reappeared with the efforts of the tea experts and the local tea farmers.
In December 2006, Huoshan Huangya was granted the title of National Geographic Indications Protect of China.
1. History of Huoshan Huangya
Since the Western Han Dynasty (202 BC-8 AD), people in Houshan County began to grow tea trees.
According to <The Classic of Tea> written by Lu Yu in the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD), the name “Huoshan Huangya” has appeared. At that time, the emperor sent 3,000 soldiers to
protect the tea garden in Houshan County.
In the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the production technology of Huoshan Huangya has become formal and mature. Huoshan Huangya was enjoyed by the royal family as a tribute tea.
In the early 20th century, with the outbreak of war, the production of Huoshan yellow tea gradually stopped.
After the founding of New China, with the support of the government, the tea production in Houshan County has developed rapidly.
In order to explore the historical famous yellow tea and resume the production of it, a group of tea experts was organized to investigate the tea area of Houshan County.
Under the joint research of the tea experts and the local tea farmers, Huoshan Huangya was finally created in 1973, which was highly praised after being put on the market.
In 2007, Huoshan Huangya has been listed in the intangible cultural heritage list.
In 2008, Huoshan Huangya was regarded as “Olympic tea”, which was designated as a special gift tea for foreign athletes embassies in Beijing Olympic.
So far, there are more than 4,00 tea enterprises in Huoshan County, with an annual output of 6,300 tons of tea, which are exported to more than 30 countries and regions in Europe and the United States.
2. Characteristics of Huoshan Huangya
Huangya means “Yellow bud”. Huoshan Huangya is made from 100% of fresh buds, so it is a high-quality yellow tea.
Huoshan County, the growing area of Huoshan Huangya, has a humid monsoon climate in the north subtropical zone.
The average rainfall in the county is 1366mm, with very few heat in summer and no extreme cold in winter. It has a mountainous landform with an altitude of 500-800 meters. The soil of it is fertile and the water source is sufficient, which is suitable for the growth of tea trees.
According to its quality, Huoshan Huangya can be classified into four grades. The higher the grade, the better the color and the stronger the fragrance.
The shape of the finished tea leaves is straight and flat, covered with a layer of white fluffs. The color of the dried tea leaves is yellow-green. The color of the tea soup is clear and yellow. It tastes fresh and has sweet aftertaste.
The fragrance of Huoshan Huangya usually includes fresh fragrance, flower fragrance, and ripe chestnut fragrance.
The water content of high-quality Huoshan Huangya is very low, only about 5%. It can be turned into flour by hand. The low-quality Huoshan Huangya is not so dry.
3. Health benefits of Huoshan Huangya
There are 46 kinds of aroma components in Huoshan Huangya. It is also rich in amino acids, tea polyphenols, caffeine, and other biochemical components.
Huoshan Huangya has the functions of reducing fat, protecting teeth and eyes, improving intestine and stomach, and enhancing immunity.
Here are the main benefits of Huoshan Huangya tea:
- Weight loss
- Promoting digestion
- Improving immunity
- Nourishing stomach and spleen
- Sterilization and Anti-inflammation