Junshan Yinzhen also called Junshan Silver Needle is a traditional Chinese yellow tea, produced in Junshan Island located in the Dongting Lake in Hunan Province.
It has the best quality among all Chinese yellow tea and is one of the top 10 famous Chinese teas.
The finished Junshan Yinzhen tea leaves are covered with a layer of white or silvery fluffs and their shape is like a needle, so it is called Junshan Yinzhen. Yin means “Silver” and Zhen means “Needle”.
As early as the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907), Junshan Yinzhen began to appear and was listed as “Gong Cha” (Tribute Tea) during the Qing Dynasty (1636-1912).
1. Growing environment of Junshan Yinzhen
Junshan is an Island on the Dongting Lake and it is a national 5A tourist area.
The island has rich soil, with an average annual temperature of 16-17 degrees, annual rainfall of about 1340 millimeters, and a very humid climate.
In spring and summer, lake water evaporates, clouds and mists are diffuse, trees are clustered on the island. This natural environment is very suitable for the growth of tea trees.
The formation of the unique quality of Junshan Yinzhen is closely related to the climate and soil quality of Junshan Island.
2 Features of Junshan Yinzhen
As mentioned in What Is Chinese Yellow Tea, yellow tea is classified into Huang Ya Cha, Huang Xiao Cha, and Huang Da Cha. Huang Ya Cha (Bud yellow tea) is the best quality yellow tea made from 100% of buds. Junshan Yinzhen belongs to Huang Ya Cha.
When producing Junshan Yinzhen, the time of picking the fresh tea leaves should be limited to around Qingming Festival (around April 5) when the tea buds are the most tender. The length, width, and thickness of the picked fresh tea leaves are calculated in millimeters.
500g of Junshan Yinzhen tea need about 105,000 buds to be made and it can be finished only after 78 hours through eight processes.
Because the finished Junshan Yinzhen tea leaves are yellow and the outer layer is white or silvery, it has a beautiful name called Jin Xiang Yu (Gold inlaid with jade).
Therefore, if tea leaves are not yellow and without white or silvery fluffs, it can be considered as a fake Junshan Yinzhen.
3. Benefits of Junshan Yinzhen
- Losing weight
- Anti-inflammation and sterilization
- Refreshing and eliminating fatigue
- Promoting appetite and digestion
- Preventing and treating esophageal cancer