Keemun tea (also called Qimen black tea in Chinese pinyin) is a kind of Gongfu black tea (or Kung fu black tea), so it is also called Keemun Gongfu black tea. It is one of the top 10 famous Chinese tea, produced in Qimen County, Anhui Province, China.
Keemun tea is the best of Chinese black tea and it is the favorite drink of the Queen and the Royal Family of the United Kingdom. With a high reputation, it has a laudatory title of “The Queen of Black Tea”.
1. The history of Keemun tea
Keemun tea has a history of more than 100 years. In 1875, the Qimen people learned the processing method from other provinces and created Keemun tea, which achieved success in the market.
In 1876, due to the superior natural conditions in the Qimen area, the quality of Keemun tea is outstanding. Therefore, the production area was expanding, the output was increasing, and the reputation was getting higher and higher.
It attracted great attention from tea merchants in the international black tea market. The Japanese called it “Rose” and the British businessman called it “Keemun”.
2. The processing of Keemun tea
The picking standards of Keemun tea is stringent because the high-quality Keemun tea should be made from the more tender fresh leaves each of which is one bud with one leaf or one bud with two leaves.
This step includes withering, rolling, fermenting, drying and other processes. All of those processes mainly make the fresh leaves turn from green to copper red, tea body into strips, and use gentle fire to dry them.
Fermentation is a very important step of making black tea, and it is the key to determine the quality of Keemun tea.
The room temperature of fermentation is controlled below 30℃. After fermentation, the leaves turn red and form the feature of red leaves and red soup.
Refining includes dozens of complicated processes, which is the reason Keemun tea is called Keemun Gongfu tea, Gongfu meaning “many works or tasks to do”.
Refining is mainly to distinguish the length, thickness, weight, and remove impurities.
The fragrance of refined Keemun tea is long-lasting. It is like fruity or orchid fragrance and is specially called “Qimen Fragrance”.
The Keemun tea soup and leaves are red and bright, and the taste is fresh and mellow. Even when it is mixed with milk and sugar, its fragrance is not reduced, but stronger.
3. The health benefits of Keemun tea
Keemun tea can provide abundant riboflavin, folic acid, carotene, tocopherol, and chloroquinone, and is an important source of fluoride in food.
Here are the main benefits:
- Clearing heat
- Nourishing the stomach
- Anti-inflammation and sterilization
- Refreshing and eliminating fatigue
- Lowering blood pressure and blood lipid
4. How to make/brew Keemun tea
Keemun tea is a kind of black tea, so to make/brew Keemun tea is according to the method of making black tea:
- Tea set: porcelain cup or glass cup.
- The ratio of tea leaves to water: 1:60-80. 3g of Keemun tea need 180ml or 240ml of water.
- The temperature of the water: 85℃-90℃.
- Brewing time: 2-3 minutes.
Note: Don’t take medicine with tea. Don’t drink tea within 1 hour before and after taking medicine.