Bai Lin tea also called Bai Lin Gongfu tea is a kind of Chinese black tea, produced in Bai Lin Town of Fuding City, Fujian Province.
Bai Lin tea is famous at home and abroad for its unique and excellent quality. The processing technology of it is an extremely valuable intangible cultural heritage of Fuding City.
Bailin Gongfu tea rose around the 1950s. At that time, many tea merchants in Fujian City managed Gongfu black tea, and Bailin Town was the distribution center. Bailin tea was sold overseas and famous for it.
1. History of Bai Lin tea
According to the historical records, in 1759, at least at that time, Bai Lin Town was famous for producing tea and was noted and recorded by local officials.
The unique geographical conditions and cultures of Bai Lin Town reveal the historical background of Bai Lin Gongfu tea. Bai Lin Town developed land and water transportation to other cities, which facilitates the exchanges between tea merchants.
At the beginning of each year, there must be tea merchants from Quanzhou, Guangzhou, Xiamen, and Hong Kong. They came to Bai Lin Town and set up a tea shop with local tea merchants to make and sell tea. At that time, there were as many as 24 formal tea shops producing and selling tea.
From the Qing Dynasty (1636-1912) to the liberation of new China, Bai Lin tea was processed by hand, and existed in the form of tea workshops set up by folk farmers and tea sellers.
After 1953, they advocate mechanized production and mainly produced Bai Lin Gongfu tea. Since then, the production and quality of Bai Lin Gongfu tea had a qualitative leap. In 1959, Bai Lin Gongfu tea won an excellent award of the national black tea.
2. Characteristics of Bai Lin tea
The tea garden of Bai Lin tea is located in the hilly area with an altitude of 650-850 meters around the Taimu Mountain, which is on the verge of the East China Sea.
The mountain is high and steep; the climate is warm and humid; the rainfall is abundant; the fog is diffuse in the morning and evening; the soil is fertile. Tea trees are moistened by sunshine, rain, and dew. The buds and leaves are rich in aromatic substances.
As the quality of Bai Lin tea has its special needs, tea farmers should pay attention to the picking standard that requires picking early and picking fresh and tender leaves, otherwise, the quality of Bai Lin tea will be greatly affected.
The shape of Bai Lin tea is tight and beautiful, covered with orange-yellow fluffs. The color of the tea soup is bright red or orange-red. Especially, the high-quality Bai Lin tea is honored with the title “Beautiful Queen” due to its unique shape, elegant fragrance and mellow and meaningful taste.
3. Health benefits of Bai Lin tea
From the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine, the property of Bai Lin tea is warm, good at expelling cold in the warm, and can play the role of expectoration, digestion, and appetizer. For those with weak spleen and stomach, it is best to drink Bai Lin tea.
Although the phenolic components in Bai Lin tea are different from those in green tea, Bai Lin tea also has the functions of anti-oxidation, reducing blood lipid, inhibiting arteriosclerosis, sterilization and anti-inflammatory, and enhancing capillary function.
Here are the main benefits of Bai Lin tea:
- Weight loss
- Inhibit cancer cells
- Inhibit arteriosclerosis
- Promote blood circulation
- Antibacterial and bacteriostasis
- Relieve bronchial spasm and treat bronchial asthma
- Encourage spirit, enhance thinking and eliminate fatigue
In addition, when drinking tea in the evening, you should put less tea, and do not make the tea too strong. Don’t drink tea on an empty stomach, because drinking tea on an empty stomach will hurt your body, especially for those who don’t often drink tea, it will inhibit the secretion of gastric juice, hinder digestion, and even cause “tea intoxication” such as palpitation and headache.