Fo Shou tea is a kind of Chinese oolong tea, produced in Yongchun County of Quanzhou City, Fujian Province, so Fo Shou tea is also called Yong Chun Fo Shou tea. Fo means “Buddha” and Shou means “hand”.
Fo Shou tea has a great relationship with fingered citron (Citrus medica). The fresh leaf of Fo Shou tea looks like that of fingered citron, and Fo Shou tea smells like fingered citron. Fingered citron is called Fo Shou in Chinese.
Fo Shou tea originated in Anxi County of Quanzhou City, Fujian Province, but it is carried forward and became famous in Yongchun County. Yong Chun Fo Shou tea is a national geographic indication protection product of China.
1. Legend of Fo Shou tea
Hundreds of years ago, there was an eminent monk living in Anxi County who worshipped Buddha with tea every day.
One day, he had an idea, hoping to make the tea soup with the unique fragrance of fingered citron. So he grafted the branches of the tea tree on the fingered citron, and after careful cultivation, he succeeded and named it Fo Shou tea.
2. History of Fo Shou tea
In the Qing Dynasty (1636-1912), Fo Shou tea was introduced into Yongchun County and the local tea farmers began to plant it and popularized it.
In 1931, Yong Chun Fo Shou tea was packed in iron boxes and sold to Hong Kong, Macao, and Southeast Asia through Xiamen City. But at that time, the total amount was still small.
In November 2006, Yong Chun Fo Shou tea was certified as a national geographical indication protection product, which laid to a good foundation for Yong Chun Fo Shou tea to become a famous brand of Chinese tea.
In 2007, Yong Chun Fo Shou tea was awarded the honorary title of “China’s first tea in the Olympic bid” in the Cultural Olympics and China Tea Culture Summit Forum held in Beijing.
Tea experts, scholars and entrepreneurs from more than 10 countries and regions including Germany, the United States, and Japan participated in the event.
In recent years, Yong Chun Fo Shou tea develops rapidly, 80% of which are sold to other places.
3. Characteristics of Fo Shou tea
Fo Shou tea grows in the high mountains with an altitude of 600-900 meters. The mountain soil is mainly red soil, rich in organic matter, which is very suitable for the growth of Fo Shou tea.
Fo Shou tea sprouts in late March and is picked in mid-April. It can be picked in four seasons, and the spring Fo Shou tea accounts for 40%.
There are two kinds of Fo Shou tea: Red Bud Fo Shou tea and Green Bud Fo Shou tea. The spring bud of Red Bud Fo Shou tea is purple-red; the spring bud of Green Bud Fo Shou tea is light green. Red Bud Fo Shou tea is better than Green Bud Fo Shou tea.
The shape of dried Fo Shou tea is fat, tight and curly like the head of the dragonfly and the color of it is green. Its appearance is similar to that of Anxi Tieguanyin tea.
After brewing, the tea soup is bright and yellow and has a strong fragrance. It tastes mellow and has a sweet aftertaste like that of snow pear, so Fo Shou tea has another name called “Snow Pear”.
In the tea area of southern Fujian Province, there is a “Guanyin” (The Goddess Of Mercy) and a “Fo” (Buddha). Guanyin refers to Anxi Tieguanyin tea and Fo refers to Yong Chun Fo Shou tea.
4. Health benefits of Fo Shou tea
Fo Shou tea is a kind of oolong tea, rich in many nutrients, including zinc and flavonoids. The flavonoids in tea can reduce blood pressure and blood fat. Zinc can promote the health and delay aging.
In 2003, Fujian University of traditional Chinese medicine has proved that Fo Shou tea has a significant therapeutic effect on colitis.
Besides, Fo Shou tea has many other benefits. Here are the main benefits of Fo Shou tea:
- Losing weight
- Treating colitis
- Softening blood vessel
- Reducing blood sugar and blood lipid
- Nourishing stomach and improving intestinal function
Fo Shou tea is not only a famous tea drink, but also a long-term medicine and a health care product in Chinese folk.