Xiao Qing Gan also known as tangerine Pu-erh tea or green orange Pu-erh tea, is made of green tangerine stuffed Pu-erh tea. Xiao means “little”; Qing means “green”; Gan means “tangerine”.
It is produced in Xinhui District of Jiangmen City, Guangdong Province, China, so Xiao Qing Gan is called Xinhui Xiao Qing Gan.
Since Xiao Qing Gan became famous in the tea market in 2016, the attention of the tea lovers to Xiao Qing Gan has been continuously increasing, which is still high.
Besides, there is another similar tea called Da Hong Gan, which is made of ripe tangerine stuffed Pu-erh tea and also produced in Xinhui. Da means “big” and Hong means “red”.
Xiao Qing Gan and Da Hong Gan are collectively called Gan Pu Cha. Gan means “tangerine”; Pu means “Pu-erh”; Cha means “tea”.
1. Characteristics of Xiao Qing Gan
A high-quality tea should be made from high-quality raw materials. Xiao Qing Gan is made of Xinhui tangerine and Yunnan Pu-erh tea.
The reason why Xiao Qing Gan is produced in Xinhui is that the tangerine in Xinhui has very high quality. Xinhui tangerine is a specialty of Xinhui and is a national geographic indication protection product of China.
Xinhui tangerine can be used for medicine and food. It was popular all over the country in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and the Qing Dynasty(1636-1912) and was listed as a tribute.
From August to September every year, it is the golden period of picking green tangerine. The tangerine will grow ripe in winter, when it is picked to made into Da Hong Gan.
The picked green tangerine will be washed, hollowed out and dried within 48 hours. Then stuff the Yunnan Pu-erh tea into the inner of the tangerine and put it in the sun for 8-15 days to let the water evaporate and let the fragrance and flavor of the tangerine peel be blended with that of the Pu-erh tea.
The dried tangerine and Pu-erh tea are characterized by the fact that the more aged, the more fragrant and valuable, so Xiao Qing Gan is the same. The dried tangerine is a kind of traditional Chinese medicine.
Some Xiao Qing Gan are covered with a layer of white frost and looks like moldy. In fact, it is the crystallization of tangerine oil, which is similar to that of dried persimmon and preserved plum and it is a good performance of quality.
But if you see a layer of white frost and smell musty, it is really mildewed. The normal Some Xiao Qing smells natural fragrant.
The tea soup of Xiao Qing Gan is yellowish-brown and tastes mellow and delicate, as well as its fragrance.
2. Benefits of Xiao Qing Gan tea
Xiao Qing Gan tea contains the benefits of green tangerine and Pu-erh tea.
Green tangerine contains Citrus acid, limonene, phenolic acid, nobiletin, vitamin C and E, etc, which have good effects on relieving cough, eliminating phlegm, anti-bacteria, skincare and so on.
Pu-erh tea has more nutrients, including tea polyphenols, tea pigments, flavonoids, various vitamins, amino acids, and mineral elements, etc, which have many pharmacological effects.
Here are the main benefits of Xiao Qing Gan tea:
- Losing weight
- Protecting eyes
- Relieving cough
- Eliminating phlegm
- Lowering blood pressure and cholesterol
3. How to make Xiao Qing Gan tea
- Tea sets: porcelain cup or ceramic teapot.
- Dosage: only one Xiao Qing Gan.
- The temperature of the water: 100℃.
There are three ways to make Xiao Qing Gan tea:
- Only uncover the top peel cover that seals the Pu-erh tea and put the whole Xiao Qing Gan in the tea sets. Then add 100℃ water to brew it. If you prefer light tea, you can use this method.
- Pour out the Pu-erh tea from Xiao Qing Gan, tear up the tangerine peel, and add 100℃ water to brew it. If you prefer strong tea, you can use this method.
- Make a few small holes in the Xiao Qing Gan and brew it with 100℃ water. Its taste is between the above two.
Xiao Qing Gan can be brewed many times. One Xiao Qing Gan can be used a day, but should not use the overnight Xiao Qing Gan, which will produce many bacteria through one night.