Xinyang Maojian tea is a kind of Chinese green tea and is one of the top 10 famous Chinese teas. It is native to Xinyang City, Henan Province, so it is called Xinyang Maojian tea.
Maojian is a subclass of green tea or yellow tea. In other words, there are different kinds of Maojian green teas and Maojian yellow teas. Xinyang Maojian tea is just one of Maojian green teas.
1. The history of Xinyang Maojian tea
In the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907), Xinyang is one of the eight tea districts in the whole country. At that time, the teas Xinyang produced with high quality were designated as tribute tea (Gongcha) to send to the emperors or nobles.
In the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) and Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the production of Xinyang tea began to decline due to the excessive tax on tea.
Until the Qing Dynasty (1636-1912), the farmers began to reclaim tea gardens in large numbers, and the tea production started to recover.
The unique style of Xinyang Maojian tea was formed in the early 20th century. The tea farmers paid much attention to the improvement of production technology of Xinyang Maojian tea, which made Xinyang Maojian tea develop rapidly.
After the founding of New China, the state attached great importance to the development of tea production and adopted a series of supportive measures. Xinyang Maojian tea production got greater development, and its production area continued to expand.
2. Varieties of Xinyang Maojian tea
According to the growing season of Xinyang Maojian tea, local people are used to classifying it into spring tea, summer tea, and autumn tea.
Generally speaking, it refers to the tea that is picked before the end of May. The shoots, buds, and leaves of the tea trees are very new and tender in spring, so spring tea has the best quality among a year.
It refers to the tea picked from June to July. As the temperature rises, the tea leaves grow rapidly. The soluble matters in the tea leaves reduce, and the bitter substances such as caffeine and anthocyanin increase.
Therefore, summer tea tastes slightly bitter, and its aroma is not as strong as the spring tea. So the price of summer tea is usually cheap.
It is picked after August. After spring and summer picking, the contents of autumn tea relatively reduce. The flavor and aroma are relatively flat.
3. The health benefits of Xinyang Maojian tea
Xinyang Maojian tea is rich in protein, amino acids, alkaloids, tea polyphenols, sugar tips, organic acids, aromatic substances, and vitamins A, B1, B2, C, K, P, PP, and water-soluble minerals.
Here are the main benefits:
- Nourishing body
- Quenching thirst
- Clearing heat
- Improving eyesight
- Refreshing brain
- Promoting digestion
- Inhibiting atherosclerosis
- Preventing cancer, scurvy, and radioactive elements
- Relaxing blood vessels and promoting blood circulation
4. How to make/brew Xinyang Maojian tea
Xinyang Maojian tea is a kind of green tea. According to the How to Make Chinese Tea:
- Tea set: glass cup or the porcelain cup.
- The ratio of tea leaves to water: 1:50. 3g of Xinyang Maojian tea need 150ml of water.
- The temperature of the water: 80℃-85℃. The too high temperature would destroy the nutrients of the tea.