Yingde black tea or Yingde Hong Cha is a famous Chinese black tea, produced in Yingde City of Guangdong Province. It is a specialty of YingdeCity and is a national geographic indication product of China.
Yingde black tea started in 1959, a new variety mainly cultivated from Yunnan large-leaf tea tree. Since the advert of Yingde black tea, it has been loved by consumers. Because of its unique quality and characteristics, Yingde black tea is as famous as Dianhong tea and Keemun tea.
1. History of Yingde black tea
Yingde City is an ancient tea area with a long history of tea production. According to historical records, the tea history of Yingde City can be traced back to the Tang Dynasty (618-907) more than 1,200 years ago.
In the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the tea produced in Yingde City had become a tribute tea of the imperial court. In the Qing Dynasty (1636-1912), the tea production of Yingde tea had been popularized among the people and flourished in the international trade in the first half of the 19th century.
In 1956, under the direction of the central government, Yingde City started to establish a black tea production base and successfully created the Yingde black tea in 1959.
After the appearance of Yingde black tea, it was well-received at home and abroad. And it was once on the tea table of the British royal family and was loved very much. This is why many Yingde black tea related products on the market will be labeled “1959”.
In 2010, Yingde black tea got the “National Geographic Indication Trademark”.
2. Growth environment of Yingde black tea
The tea species of Yingde black tea are new varieties improved and cultivated from other tea trees, such as Yunnan large-leaf tea, Phoenix Shui Xian tea, etc.
Yingde black tea has a very high demand for the growing environment. The whole area of Yingde City belongs to the South Asian monsoon. The biological climate has transitional characteristics. It is warm and rainy and has neither severe cold nor extremely hot.
The soil conditions here are superior, mainly including red soil and yellow soil, with rich organic matters and nitrogen, which is very suitable for the growth of Yingde black tea.
3. Characteristics of Yingde black tea
The shape of the finished Yingde black tea is thin and curled; the color of it is brown with yellow. After brewing, the tea soup has a strong flower fragrance and its color is bright and red-yellow.
There are many varieties of Yingde black tea, the most famous of which is Yinhong No.9, which is not only the name of tea tree, but also the name of black tea products, and also the name of public brand in tea areas.
Yinhong No.9 is one of the varieties of tea trees cultivated in the 20th. Because it produces the highest quality tea, it is the most famous Yingde black tea or tea tree. The biggest characteristics of Yinhong No.9 are strong and mellow. One gram of Yinhong No.9 can brew 500ml of tea soup.
Besides, according to the product classification, Yingde black tea can be divided into Jin Hao tea (Golden Hair tea) and Litchi black tea.
Jin Hao tea is a top-grade Yingde black tea, covered with golden fluffs and with a strong fragrance and beautiful appearance.
Litchi black tea is a kind of fragrant tea. Mix Yingde black tea and litchi juice, and use scientific methods to make the black tea fully absorb the fragrance and flavor of litchi.
4. Health benefits of Yingde black tea
The content of tea polyphenols, theaflavins, thearubins, and amino acids in Yingde black tea all reach the international level of high-quality black tea. It also contains many kinds of vitamin and trace elements. These chemical components have many healthy effects.
The local people often use Yingde black tea to cook porridge, which has effects on digestion, clearing heat, treating cold, etc.
Here are the main benefits of Yingde black tea:
- Losing weight
- Nourishing stomach
- Promoting appetite and digestion
- Lowering blood lipid and cholesterol